Seasonal Allergies

According to the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, approximately one in six Americans suffer from seasonal allergies, also known as hay fever. If you are one of those people, you know how awful seasonal allergies can be. When spring or fall arrives, you know you’ll be sneezing and itching your nose for weeks. 

While sensitivities can cause some serious complications. But the good news is that there are a variety of treatment choices accessible that can ease side effects. Read this article thoroughly to learn more about seasonal allergies and when to see a doctor.      

What Are Seasonal Allergies?

Seasonal allergies are common allergies that affect the health and lifestyle of a lot of people. It is also called hay fever as it occurs in a particular season. Seasonal allergic rhinitis commonly lasts for one or two seasons. They are different from perennial allergies that last for a year or more. All-year allergies are often caused by things like dust, pet hair, dry skin, mold, or bits of insects.

Reports from the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology suggest that about 8% of Americans experience seasonal allergies. 

Symptoms of Seasonal Allergies 

Seasonal Allergies

Following are some common signs of seasonal allergies:

Some signs are not much common but if they occur, they can cause severe complications. They include:

Children or older individuals who exhibit the above signs along with asthma can trigger asthma attacks.

Causes of Seasonal Allergies

These allergies happen when your immune system identifies an airborne substance that can be harmful to your health. It responds to that substance or allergen by releasing histamines o other chemicals into your bloodstream. Those chemicals produce the symptoms of an allergic reaction.


The hay-cutting season, which typically occurs during the summer, is where the term “hay fever” originates. However, grasses like ryegrass and timothy grass as well as some weeds are the real culprits of seasonal allergies that occur during the summer. As indicated by the Asthma and Sensitivity Underpinning of America, grasses are the most widely recognized trigger for individuals with roughage fever.


Trees are liable for most springtime sensitivities to pollen. One of the most common culprits in northern latitudes is birch, whose pollen causes hay fever in many people. In North America, cedar, alder, horse chestnut, willow, and poplar are also allergenic trees.


The majority of outdoor allergens go dormant by winter. Therefore, many people who suffer from hay fever find solace in the cooler weather. However, it additionally implies that more people are investing energy inside. If you’re inclined to the sensitivity of pollen, you may likewise respond to indoor allergens, like form, pet dander, dust parasites, or cockroaches.


Pre-winter is ragweed season. Ambrosia is a genus of ragweed, which is found all over the world in more than 40 different species. The majority of them thrive in temperate North and South American regions. They are plants that are invasive and difficult to control. Their dust is an extremely normal allergen, and the side effects of ragweed sensitivity can be particularly serious.

Different plants that drop their dust in the fall incorporate brambles, mugworts, sorrels, fat hens, and plantains.

Read More: What is an Allergy? Types, Causes,and Symptoms

Tips to Remove Common Allergens from Homes

Indoor allergens are frequently more easy to eliminate from your current circumstance than open-air dusts. To get rid of common allergens in your home, try the following:

Risk Factors for Seasonal Allergies

Dr. Hemphill states that although not hazardous, these symptoms can affect quality of life. There aren’t many significant dangers from pollen allergies; however, certain individuals can develop additional symptoms. These include:

Bronchitis, involving swelling of the lungs’ airways and mucus production, and pneumonia, a serious lung infection causing pus and fluid accumulation, are more severe conditions that can arise.

Dr. Hemphill recommends consulting your doctor if your seasonal allergies worsen.

Read More: Pink Eye vs Eye Allergies: How to Spot the Difference?

Treatment for Seasonal Allergies

Seasonal Allergies


Do whatever it may take to stay away from occasional allergens. For example, utilize a climate control system with a HEPA channel to cool your home in summer, as opposed to roof fans. Check your neighbourhood weather conditions network for dust conjectures, and attempt to remain inside when dust counts are high. During the seasons when you have hay fever:


Other treatments are available when you are unable to avoid your allergens, such as:

prescription medications, such as steroid nasal sprays, and combination medications containing acetaminophen, diphenhydramine, and phenylephrine. In severe cases, your doctor may recommend allergy shots. over-the-counter decongestants and antihistamines, such as cetirizine (Zyrtec). They’re a sort of immunotherapy that can assist with desensitizing your resistant framework to allergens.

Drowsiness, dizziness, and confusion are all possible side effects of some allergy medications.

Other Treatments

Very few studies have been completed on alternative treatments for hay fever. However, certain individuals who use the following alternative treatments may find relief:

More research is needed to determine the effectiveness of these alternative medicines.

Read More: Swollen Lymph Nodes Allergies: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Bottom Line:

In short, seasonal allergies can make life difficult when they strike, but understanding their causes and symptoms can help you manage them better. From sneezing fits to itchy eyes, these allergies affect many Americans each year. The good news is there are plenty of treatment options available to alleviate symptoms and improve your quality of life during allergy season. Whether through medication, allergen avoidance, or exploring alternative treatments, taking proactive steps can make a big difference. Remember, if your symptoms worsen or become severe, don’t hesitate to seek advice from a healthcare professional. By staying informed and proactive, you can navigate allergy season more comfortably.


Q1. What causes seasonal allergies?

Seasonal allergies are triggered by pollen from trees, grasses, and weeds, which the immune system reacts to, causing symptoms like sneezing and itchy eyes.

Q2. What are the common symptoms of seasonal allergies?

Common symptoms include sneezing, itchy eyes, runny nose, nasal congestion, and sometimes coughing or wheezing.

Q3. How can I treat seasonal allergies?

Treatments include over-the-counter antihistamines, nasal sprays, and avoiding allergens. Severe cases may require prescription medications or allergy shots.

Q4. When should I see a doctor for seasonal allergies?

See a doctor if symptoms are severe, not responding to over-the-counter medications, or if you have asthma worsened by allergies.

Q5. Can seasonal allergies be prevented?

While not completely preventable, you can reduce exposure by staying indoors during high pollen times, using air purifiers, and keeping windows closed.


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